Unlike larger firms that may struggle with slow decision-making, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) have the advantage of agility. This is particularly valuable in times of market downturn when SMEs can adapt quickly and potentially increase their market share.
While robust markets allow for some flexibility in managing finances, difficult markets require more focus on key metrics. This guide aims to equip SME founders with the tools and insights they need to successfully navigate through difficult market conditions.
The Importance of Figures
The resilience of the recruitment sector in M&As and PE investments isn't just a sign of industry health; it's an indicator of the untapped potential that exists, even in challenging times. Therefore, being acutely aware of your financial figures isn't just good practice; it's a necessity. It enables you to spot opportunities and risks, providing you with the chance to make timely decisions that could impact your market share and overall business health.
Simplicity is Key In the daily grind of running a business, financial jargon and complex spreadsheets can easily become overwhelming, especially for team members who may not have a financial background.
Actionable Simplicity: The aim should be to produce simplified yet comprehensive financial reports that anyone in your team can understand. This democratisation of financial information empowers your team to make informed decisions.
- Quick Decision-Making: Simple reports speed up the decision-making process, helping your business adapt in real-time to market changes.
- Inclusive Planning: When more team members grasp the company's financial status, planning and strategising become more inclusive, leading to well-rounded and effective solutions.
- Increased Accountability: Clear, understandable figures make it easier for everyone to see how their roles directly impact the business, fostering a sense of accountability.
By focusing on these two key elements—monitoring the market's resilience and simplifying financial data—you equip your business with the tools it needs to not just survive, but thrive, irrespective of market conditions.
Mastering Your P&L: The Backbone of Your Business Strategy
Your Profit & Loss account (P&L) is far more than just a financial statement; it narrates the fiscal health and operational efficiency of your business. Having a handle on your P&L can be the difference between steering your enterprise towards growth or letting it drift into instability.
Structuring Your P&L
A well-structured P&L should offer a clear snapshot of your business' financial health. If your current P&L layout leaves you scratching your head, it's time for a change.
- Consult Your Accountant: Request your accountant to reformat the P&L so that it's easily understandable. The goal is to have a statement where numbers speak clearly and directly, without the need for translation.
- User-Friendly Layout: Your P&L should be as intuitive as possible so that even non-finance team members can make sense of it. This could mean categorising costs differently, or even using visual aids like graphs to illustrate trends.
Major Cost Categories
Your focus should be on the top six cost categories that constitute over 70% of your net fee income. Understanding these costs inside and out is pivotal for effective financial management.
- Staff Salary & Commissions
- Advertising & Marketing
- Client / Staff Entertainment
- IT Support
- Invoice Finance
Why This Matters: By honing in on these categories, you can identify areas where adjustments could lead to significant financial improvements, be it cost-cutting or investment for growth.
Exercise: Sales Staff Cost vs. EBITDA
A critical metric to monitor is the cost of your Sales Staff against Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortisation (EBITDA).
Risk Mitigation: The Essentials of Balance Sheet Review
Your balance sheet is not just a financial document; it's a risk assessment tool. Regular reviews can help you identify both opportunities for growth and potential hazards that need immediate attention. Here's how to go about it:
Weekly Debtor Review: Time Well Spent
Setting aside just 10-15 minutes per week to look at your debtors can provide invaluable insights into the financial health of your business.
- Ageing Analysis: Use this time to conduct a quick ageing analysis of your accounts receivable. How long have certain debts been outstanding? Are there any that are turning 'stale' and, if so, what's the plan?
- Risk Identification: Are there any clients who are consistently late payers? These could be red flags indicating future non-payment risks.
- Cash Flow Implications: Understanding how your debts are ageing can have a direct impact on your cash flow planning, allowing you to make informed decisions.
Accrued Income: The Devil's in the Details
Accrued income can sometimes be a hiding place for bad news, especially if these amounts are not being realised as actual income in a timely manner.
- Regular Checks: Make it a routine to ask your finance team for a detailed breakdown of accrued income.
- Red Flags: Look for large amounts that have been accrued for long periods. Investigate why they have not yet been realised into actual income.
HMRC & Retained Earnings: A Monthly Must-Do
Your relationship with Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (HMRC) and understanding your retained earnings are crucial elements in maintaining a strong balance sheet.
- Monthly Check-In: Make it a habit to check these figures monthly. Any discrepancies or unexpected changes should be flagged immediately.
- DLA: Be cautious about taking money out through your Director's Loan Account (DLA) as this can weaken your balance sheet and may raise eyebrows at HMRC.
- Retained Earnings: These are essentially your 'rainy day' funds. Ensure that you have a solid understanding of how much profit has been generated and retained in the business, as this can be a crucial buffer in challenging times.
Cashflow Forecasting: Your Three-Month Lifeline
Cashflow is the lifeblood of any business, and a rolling three-month forecast serves as a vital diagnostic tool. It helps you predict revenue trends and flags potential financial pitfalls, giving you the opportunity to act before they become crises.
- Regular Updates: Keep this forecast updated regularly. The more accurate and timely the data, the better your predictive power.
- Scenario Planning: Use the forecast for 'what if' scenarios to prepare for best and worst-case situations.
Key Risk Areas in Cashflow
Understanding the key variables that affect your cashflow can make your forecasts much more actionable.
Variables to Watch:
- Perm Fees: Fluctuations here can significantly affect your liquidity.
- Contract Margin: Pay close attention as this directly impacts your bottom line.
- Commissions: These can eat into your profits if not managed carefully.
- Rent Payment: A fixed outgoing that can become a burden if cashflow is tight.
- HMRC: Always keep an eye on tax obligations to avoid nasty surprises.
Operational KPI Management: The One KPI Rule
In business, what gets measured gets managed. And you should be able to manage your business by focusing on just one Key Performance Indicator (KPI).
- Identification: Identify the KPI that has the most significant impact on your business performance.
- Monitoring: Keep a close eye on this KPI. A downward trend should be treated as an immediate red flag requiring action.
Strategies for Uncertain Times
Uncertainty is inevitable, but being caught off guard is not. Here are strategies to steer through choppy waters.
- Positivity: The 'R' Word Is Off-Limits
The narrative within the company sets the tone for performance. Keep it positive.
- Learning & Development: Knowledge Is Power
Invest in the skills development of your team. A skilled team is a competitive advantage, especially when the market is tough.
- Early Stage KPIs: The Warning Signs
Focus on KPIs that will give you the earliest indications of challenges, allowing you more time to adjust.
- Be Brave in Hiring: Fortune Favours the Bold
Being cautious in hiring might seem wise, but sometimes taking calculated risks can pay off handsomely.
- Hold Cash: An Ounce of Prevention
If possible, secure funding before credit markets tighten up. Cash reserves offer a cushion against unexpected shocks.
- Economic Shifts: Prepare for Change
Be prepared for changes in interest rates and wage inflation. Both can have a dramatic impact on your cost base.
- HMRC Support: Make the Call
HMRC has been more flexible recently, especially in terms of payment plans. Take advantage of this support while it's available.